Wednesday, March 25, 2009



rhomb-bus rhomb-bus-es or rhomb-bi (-bi). An equilateral parallelogram.[Late Latin, from Latin, flatfish, magician's circle, from Greek rhombos, rhombus. See wer-?.]
wer-, Important derivatives are: inward, worth, stalwart, weird, versatile, verse, version, versus, vertebra, vertex, adverse, anniversary, avert controversv, convert, divert, invert, pervert, prose, universe, wreath, writhe, wrath, worry, wring, wrong, wrench, wrinkle, converge, wry, wriggle, wrist, wrestle, briar, warp, reverberate, wrap, rhapsody, worm, vermmin wer-. Conventional base of various Indo-European roots; to turn, bend. I. Root *wert-, to turn, wind, l.a. (i)-WARD, from Old English -weard, toward ("turned toward"); (ii) INWARD, from Old English inweard, inward, from Germanic *inwarth, inward (*in, in; see en). Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic variant *warth; b- WORTH; STALWART, from Old English wearth, worth, valuable, and derivative noun weorth, wierth, value, from Germanic derivative werthaz, "toward, opposite," hence "equivalent, worth," perhaps from wer-2. Both a and b from Germanic *werth-. 2.WORTH, from Old English weorthan, to befall, from Germanic werthan, to become ("to turn into"). 3. Zero-grade from *wrt-, WEIRD, from Old English wyrd, fate, destiny ("that which befalls one"), from Germanic *wurthi-. 4, VERSATILE, VERSE. VERSION, VERSUS, VERTEBRA. VERTEX, VERTIGO, VORTEX; ADVERSE, ANNIVERSARY, AVERT, BOULEVERSEMENT, CONTROVERSY, CONVERSE, CONVERT, DEXTRORSE, DIVERT, EVERT, EXTRORSE, (EXTROVERSION), EXTROVERT, INTRORSE, INTROVERT, INVERT, MALVERSATION, OBVERT, PERVERT, PROSE, RETRORSE, REVERT, SINISTRORSE, SUBVERT, TERGIVERSATE, TRANSVERSE, UNIVERSE, from Latin vertere, to turn, with its frequentative versare to turn, and passive versari, to stay, behave ("to move around a place, frequent"). 5, VERST, from Russian versta, line, from Balto-Slavic wirsta-, a turn, bend. II. Root *wreit-, to turn. a. WREATH, from Old English writha, band ("that which is wound around"); b. WRITHE, from Old English writhan, to twist torture; c, WRATH, WROTH, from Old English wrath, angry ("tormented, twisted"). a, b, and c all from Germanic *writh-, *wraith-. III. Root *wergh-, to turn. l.WORRY, from Old English wyrgan, to strangle, from Germanic *wurgjan. 2. Nasalized variant *wrengh-. a. WRING, from Old English wringan, to twist, from Germanic *wreng-, b. (i) WRONG, from Middle English wrong, wrong, From a Scandinavian source akin to Old Norse *vrangr, rangr curved crooked, wrong; (ii) WRANGLE, from Middle English wranglen, to wrangle, from a Low German source akin to *wrangeln, to wrestle. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic *wrang-. IV. Root *werg-, to turn. 1. Nasalized variant form *wreng-. a. WRENCH, from Old English wrencan, to twist; b. WRINKLE, from Old English gewrinclian, to wind (ge-, collective prefix; see kom). Both a and b from Germanic *wrankjan. 2. VERGE; CONVERGE, DIVERGE, from Latin vergere, to turn, tend toward. V. Root *wreik-, to turn, l.a. WRY, from Old English wrigian, to turn, bend, go; b. WRIGGLE., from Middle Low German wriggeln. to wriggle. Both a and b from Germanic *wrig-, 2,a. WRIST, from Old English wrist, wrist; b. GAITER, from Old French guietre, gaiter, from Frankish *wrist-. Both a and b from Gemianic *wristiz, from *wrihst-. 3. WREST, WRESTLE, from Old English wraestan, to twist, from secondary Germanic derivative *wraistjan. 4. Possibly o-grade form *wroik-. BRIAR. (BRUSQUE), from Late Latin brucus heather, from Gaulish *bruko- VI. RIBALD, from Old French fiber, to be wanton, from Germanic root *wrib-. VII. Root *werb-, also *werbh-, to turn, bend. 1. WARP, from Old English weorpan, to throw away, from Germanic *werp-, *warp-, "to fling by turning the arm." 2. REVERBERATE, from Latin verber, whip, rod. 3. VERBENA, (VERVAIN), from Latin verbena, sacred foliage. 4. Zero-grade form *wrb-. RHABDOMANCY, RHABDOVIRUS, from Greek rhabdos, rod. 5. Nasalized variant form *wrembh-. RHOMBUS, from Greek rhombos, magic wheel, rhombus. VIII. Root *werp-, to turn, wind. 1. Metathesized form *wrep-. WRAP, from Middle English wrappen, to wrap, from a source akin to Danish dialectal vravle, to wind, from Germanic *wrap-. 2, Zero-grade form *wrp-. RAPHE, RHAPHIDE; RHAPSODY, STAPHYLORRHAPHY,TENORRHAPHY, from Greek rhaptein, to sew, IX.1 Root *wrmi-, worm; rhyme word to k*rmi-. 1. WORM, from Old English wyrm, worm, from Germanic *wurmiz. 2. VERMEIL, VERMI-, VERMICELLI, VERMICULAR, VERMIM, from Latin vermis, worm.
loz-enge n. 1. A small, medicated candy intended, to be dissolved slowly in the mouth to lubricate and soothe irritated tissues of the throat. 2. A four-sided planar figure with a diamondlike shape; a rhombus that is not a square. Something having this shape, especially a heraldic device.[Middle English, rhombus, from Old French losenge, perhaps of Celtic origin.]