In an ancient Bestiarium, or Natural History, in the Royal Library at Brussels, cited by Larwood and Hottren in a recent work on The History of Sign Boards, this statement is made: "The pelican is very fond of his young ones, and when they are born and begin to grow, they rebel in their nest against their parent, and strike him with their wings, flying about him, and beat him so much till they wound him in eyes. Then the father strikes and kills them. And the mother is of such a nature that she comes back to the nest on the third day, and sits down upon her dead young ones, and opens her side with her bill and pours her blood over them, and so resuscitates them from death; for the young ones, by their instinct, recieve the blood as soon as it comes out of the mother, and drink it."
The Ortus Vocabulorum, compiled early in the fifteenth century, gives the fable more briefly: "It is said, if it be true, that the pelican kills its young, and grieves for them for three days. Then she wounds herself, and with the aspersione of her blood resuscitates her children." And the writer cites, in explanation, the verses,
Sic Sancti sumus nos omnes sanguine nati."
St. Jerome gives the same story as an illustration of the destruction of man by the old serpent, and his salvation by the blood of Christ. And Shelton, in an old work entitled the Armorie of Birds, expresses thr same sentiment in the following words:
When my birds be slain,
With my blood I them recieve;
Scripture doth record
The same did our Lord,
And rose from death to life."
the romantic story was religously believed as a fact of natural history in the earliest ages of the church. Hence the pelican was naturally adopted as a symbol of the ressurrection and, by consequence, of him whose resurrection is, as Cruden terms it, "the cause, pattern, and argument of ours."
But in the course of time the original legend was, to some extent, corrupted, and a simpler one was adipted, namely, that the pelican fed her yung young with her own blood merely as a means of sustenance, and the act of maternal love was then referred to Christ as shedding his blood for the sins of the world. In this view of the symbolism, Pugin has said that the pelican is "an emblem of our Blessed Lord sheddig his blood for mankind, and therefore amost appropiate symbol to be introduced on sll vessels or ornaments connected with the Blessed Sacrament." And in the Antiquities of Durham Abbey, we learn that "over the high altar of Durham Abbey hung a rich and most sumptous canopy for the Blessed Sacrament to hang within it, where on stood a pelican, all of silver, upon the height of the said canopy, very finely gilt, giving her blood to her young ones, in token that Christ gave his blood for the sins of the world."
But I think the thrue theory of the pelican is, that by restoring her young ones to life by her blood, she symbolizes the resurrection. The old symbologists said, after Jerome, that the male pelican, who destroyed his young, reprents the serpent, or evil principle, which brought death into the world; while the mother resuscitates them, is the representative of that Son of Man of whom it is declared, "except ye drink of his blood, ye have no life in you."
And hence the pelican is very apropiately assumed as asymbol in Masonry, whose great object is to teach symbolism the doctrine of the resurrection, and especially in that sublime degree of the Scottish Rite wherein, the old Temple being destroyed and the old Word being lost, a new temple and a new word spring forth - all of which is but the great allegory of the the destruction by death and the resurrection to eternal life. (i..e. Destroy Clan Mother humanity to bring about the New Race the New Psuedo Hermaphrodite.)
Encyclopedia of Freemasonry
A hint can be derived by the journey's beginner who also studies nature, and more specifically, the daily routines of shrubs, sand, ants, bees, butterflies, badgers, sheep, goats and honey guides.